CELEBRATING PAPUA NEW GUINEA’S BIODIVERSITY

Papua New Guinea is considered as one of the world’s biodiversity rich countries, and rank among the megadiverse countries and the last frontiers for biodiversity conservation. This land of diversity hosts around 7% of the global species, even though its total land mass is less than 0.5%. (Mittermeier et al. 1998)

PNG is one of the most species-rich, flora areas in the world with high levels of species endemism (estimated at about 60%), and is among the world’s most ecologically distinctive forest regions.

“A truly last frontier for biodiversity discovery, PNG continues to lead in new species discovery. Between 1998 and 2008, at least 1060 new species were discovered in New Guinea, including 218 plants, 580 invertebrates, 71 fishes,132 amphibians, 43 reptiles, two birds and 12 mammals. The true size of the botanical inventory for New Guinea as a whole, is unknown and open to considerable speculation”. Papua New Guinea’s Fifth National Report to the Convention on Biological Diversity

Papua New Guinea, surrounded by a vast expanse of oceans, is filled with rich diversity of marine plants and animals too. There are 430+ species of corals, 1000 species of molluscs and 1100+ reef fish species.

Biodiversity plays a lot of roles in the environment. It increases ecosystem productivity; provides medicine and food, support natural cycles and maintains normal functioning of the natural ecosystem.

Pressure from human activities and changing climate is putting our beautiful environment and biodiversity at risk. Statistics of biodiversity loss in PNG is also alarming and needs immediate action to save it from loss.

To sustain the country’s rich biodiversity into the future it needs serious conservation actions.

This year’s World Environment Day Theme is, “CELEBRATING BIODIVERSITY”.  CELCOR stands in unity with partners and stakeholder in PNG and abroad in acknowledging the infinite natural resources in the country and will continue to meticulously protect our resources.

It’s time for the environment, give back to the environment. Protect our rich biodiversity.


The pig nosed turtle is one of the endemic species of Amphibians found in the country. Papua New Guinea is home to some of the rarest endemic species.

References

  1. Mittermeier RA, Myers N, Thomsen JB, Da Fonseca GAB, Olivieri S. 1998. Biodiversity Hotspots and Major Tropical Wilderness Areas: Approaches to Setting Conservation Priorities. Conservation Biology 12:516–520.
  2. De’ath G, Fabricius KE, Sweatman H, Puotinen M. 2012. The 27–year decline of coral cover on the Great Barrier Reef and its causes.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109:17995–17999
  3. Shearman P, Bryan J. 2011. A bioregional analysis of the distribution of rainforest cover, deforestation and degradation in Papua New Guinea. Austral Ecology 36:9–24.
  4. Shearman P, Bryan J, Ash J, Hunnam P, Mackey B, Lokes B. 2008. The state of the forests of Papua New Guinea. Port Moresby.
  5. Vié J-C, Hilton-Taylor C, Stuart SN 2009. Wildlife in a changing world: an analysis of the 2008 IUCN Red List of threatened species. IUCN.
  6. CEPA Website
  7. National Statistical Office Website

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